iText in Action: Chapter 6: Working with existing PDFs


If you compile and execute this example, you'll get the following result:

You can download the full source code of ConcatenateForms2, or read it here:

 * This class is part of the book "iText in Action - 2nd Edition"
 * written by Bruno Lowagie (ISBN: 9781935182610)
 * For more info, go to:
 * This example only works with the AGPL version of iText.
package part2.chapter06;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Set;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.AcroFields;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfCopyFields;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfReader;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfStamper;
public class ConcatenateForms2 {
    /** The original PDF file. */
    public static final String DATASHEET
        = "resources/pdfs/datasheet.pdf";
    /** The resulting PDF file. */
    public static final String RESULT
        = "results/part2/chapter06/concatenated_forms2.pdf";
     * Main method.
     * @param    args    no arguments needed
     * @throws DocumentException 
     * @throws IOException
    public static void main(String[] args)
        throws IOException, DocumentException {
    	// Create a PdfCopyFields object
        PdfCopyFields copy
            = new PdfCopyFields(new FileOutputStream(RESULT));
        // add a document
        PdfReader reader1 = new PdfReader(renameFieldsIn(DATASHEET, 1));
        // add a document
        PdfReader reader2 = new PdfReader(renameFieldsIn(DATASHEET, 2));
        // Close the PdfCopyFields object
     * Renames the fields in an interactive form.
     * @param datasheet the path to the original form
     * @param i a number that needs to be appended to the field names
     * @return a byte[] containing an altered PDF file
     * @throws IOException
     * @throws DocumentException
    private static byte[] renameFieldsIn(String datasheet, int i)
        throws IOException, DocumentException {
        ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        // Create the stamper
        PdfStamper stamper = new PdfStamper(new PdfReader(datasheet), baos);
        // Get the fields
        AcroFields form = stamper.getAcroFields();
        // Loop over the fields
        Set<String> keys = new HashSet<String>(form.getFields().keySet());
        for (String key : keys) {
            // rename the fields
            form.renameField(key, String.format("%s_%d", key, i));
        // close the stamper
        return baos.toByteArray();
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The ConcatenateForms2 example is part of the book iText in Action (ISBN 9781935182610).

It's a small standalone application. You can use this example for inspiration, but please read the book if there's something you don't understand about the example. You'll find more info in Chapter 6.

Keywords for this example: AcroForm technology, Existing PDFs, Forms, PdfCopyFields, PdfReader, AcroForm technology > rename fields, Concatenate PDFs > concatenate forms

If you want this example to work, you need the following jars: iText.jar

This example uses the following resources: datasheet.pdf.